Trauma-Focused Treatment and Trauma-Informed Care

Trauma-Focused Treatment and Trauma-Informed Care

Structure and treatment framework involves understanding, recognizing, and responding to the effects of all types of trauma. Trauma Informed Care also emphasizes physical, psychological and emotional safety for both clients and providers and helps survivors rebuild a sense of control and empowerment.  As one of the founding members of the Hampton Roads Trauma Informed Care Network (HRTICN) all of our staff are trained in the delivery of Trauma-Focused Treatment (TFT), Trauma-Informed Care (TIC), Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Trauma Focused CBT (TF-CBT), and various other Trauma Intervention Programs (TIP).

“Trauma is perhaps the most avoided, ignored, belittled, denied, misunderstood and untreated cause of human suffering.” – Peter Levin

Integrated Health Services (IHS) acknowledges that trauma affects many lives. Our goal to is better understand, treat and help communities move forward from traumatic experiences with the use of Trauma Informed Care.

What is Trauma and Trauma Informed Care?

“Trauma” describes interpersonal experiences or situations when a person’s physical integrity is compromised, the ability to integrate his/her emotional experience is hindered or one’s internal resources and/or ability to cope are overwhelmed. An individual’s experience of trauma can impact all aspects of life: physical, psychological, behavioral, social, emotional, spiritual and neurological.
Trauma Informed Care is a specialized approach that involves understanding, recognizing and responding to the effects of all types of trauma. An emphasis is placed on physical, psychological and emotional safety and aids in rebuilding a sense of control and empowerment. Knowledge and use of trauma specific interventions are paramount to avoid re-traumatization.

Examples of Trauma:

  • Sexual Abuse or Assault
  • Physical Abuse or Assault
  • Emotional Abuse/Psychological,
    Maltreatment Neglect
  • Serious Accident or Illness/Medical
    Procedure Witness to Domestic Violence
  • Victim/Witness to Community Violence,
    Natural or Manmade Disasters
  • School Violence Forced Displacement
  • War/Terrorism/Political Violence,
    System-Induced Trauma
  • Traumatic Grief/Separation, Victim/Witness
    to Extreme Personal/Interpersonal Violence

Funding Options:

  • Tricare
  • Medicaid
  • Anthem
  • Optima
  • Aetna
  • Virginia Premier
  • Magellan Complete Care
  • United Healthcare
  • DSS, CSA, VJCCCA, and other community supports
  • Adoption subsidies
  • Self-pay
  • AmiKids
  • EBA

For more information on IHS’s evidence-based trauma services including the 10 principles that guide trauma based services and our various treatment modalities please click the tabs below:

IHS offers trauma treatment guided by the 10 principles established by the US Department of Health and Human Services to include:
1. Safety: IHS staff and clients feel physically and psychologically safe; the physical setting is safe and interpersonal interactions promote a sense of safety.
2. Trustworthiness and transparency: IHS operations and decisions are conducted with transparency and with the goal of building and maintaining trust among staff, clients and family members.
3. Collaboration and mutuality: IHS staff, clients and their families partner to share, set and achieve treatment and personal goals together; there is recognition that healing happens through strong relationships and in the meaningful sharing of power and decision-making.
4. Empowerment: Throughout IHS and among the clients served, individuals’ strengths are recognized, built on and validated and new skills are developed as necessary.
5. Voice and choice: IHS aims to strengthen the staff’s, clients’ and family members’ experience of choice and recognize that every person’s experience is unique and requires an individualized approach.
6. Peer support and mutual self-help: are integral to the organizational and service delivery approach and are understood as a key vehicle for building trust, establishing safety, and empowerment.
7. Resilience and strengths based: A belief in resilience and in the ability of clients, IHS staff and communities to heal and promote recovery from trauma; builds on what one has to offer rather than responding to their perceived deficits.
8. Inclusiveness and shared purpose: IHS recognizes that everyone has a role to play in a trauma informed approach; one does not have to be a therapist to be therapeutic.
9. Cultural, historical and gender issues: IHS addresses cultural, historical and gender issues; the organization actively moves past cultural stereotypes and biases (e.g. based on race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, geography, etc.), offers gender responsive services, leverages the healing value of traditional cultural connections, and recognizes and addresses historical trauma.
10. Change process: is conscious, intentional and ongoing; IHS strives to become a learning community, constantly responding to new knowledge and developments.


IHS utilizes evidence-based recommended treatment modalities to deliver trauma treatment to include, but not limited to:
• Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
• Dialectical Behavior Therapy
• Emotional Freedom Technique
• Focusing
• Gestalt Therapy
• Internal Family Systems Therapy
• Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy
• Narrative Therapy
•  Psychodrama
• Somatic Experiencing
• Somatic Trauma Therapy
• Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy